BCOE 143 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Free BCOE 143 Solved Assignment 2023-24 for July 2023 and January 2024 Session, All IGNOU Assignments (Programme Wise) · Master's Degree Programmes · Bachelor's Degree Programmmes · P.G. Diplomaa Programmes · Diploma Programmes · Certificate Programmes. IGNOU Assignment 2023-24 (UPDATED) Get Here. IGNOU Assignment Status 2023-24, Marks, Grade Card, Practical Submission

B.C.O.E – 143


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NOTE: All questions are compulsory.

Section A

Q1. Explain different sources of short-term finance available to the organization.

Organizations often require short-term finance to meet their immediate operational needs, such as purchasing inventory, covering working capital requirements, or funding day-to-day expenses. Short-term finance is typically used for a period of up to one year. There are various sources of short-term finance available to organizations, each with its own features and advantages. Here are some of the common sources of short-term finance:

Bank Overdraft: A bank overdraft allows a company to withdraw more money from its bank account than the actual balance, up to a specified limit. This can help an organization meet short-term cash flow needs. Interest is charged only on the amount overdrawn.

Short-Term Loans: These are loans taken from financial institutions, typically banks, for a specific period, usually less than one year. Short-term loans can be secured (backed by collateral) or unsecured (no collateral), and they can be used for various purposes.

Trade Credit: Organizations can negotiate extended payment terms with their suppliers. This is essentially a form of interest-free credit, as it allows the organization to pay for goods and services after they have been received and sold.

Commercial Paper: Large corporations with strong credit ratings can issue commercial paper, which is a short-term, unsecured promissory note. Investors purchase commercial paper at a discount and receive the full face value upon maturity.

Accounts Receivable Financing: Factoring and invoice discounting are methods to raise short-term finance by selling accounts receivable (outstanding invoices) to a financial institution at a discount. This provides immediate cash flow while transferring the risk of collecting payments to the institution.

Inventory Financing: Inventory can be used as collateral to secure a short-term loan. The lender advances a percentage of the inventory's value, providing working capital to the organization.

Working Capital Loans: These loans are specifically designed to cover working capital needs, such as payroll and overhead expenses. They are often unsecured and based on the organization's creditworthiness.

Line of Credit: A revolving line of credit is a pre-approved loan arrangement with a financial institution that allows a company to borrow funds as needed up to a specified limit. Interest is paid only on the amount borrowed.

Supplier Credit: Negotiating favorable payment terms with suppliers, such as delaying payments or taking advantage of early payment discounts, can help organizations manage their cash flow effectively.

Bank Guarantees: A bank guarantee is a promise by a financial institution to cover a specified amount if the organization fails to fulfill its obligations. It can be used to assure suppliers or customers of an organization's financial stability.

Cash Credit: Cash credit is a form of short-term finance that allows an organization to withdraw funds up to a certain limit from its bank account. Interest is charged on the amount withdrawn, and it is suitable for managing daily cash flow.

Microfinance: For small and micro-enterprises, microfinance institutions offer short-term loans and working capital support to meet their financial needs.

Crowdfunding: Organizations can use crowdfunding platforms to raise short-term funds for specific projects or needs, with contributions coming from a large number of individuals or investors.

Each source of short-term finance has its own advantages and considerations. The choice of source depends on factors like the organization's creditworthiness, the nature of the funding requirement, and the cost associated with each option. It's important for organizations to carefully assess their financial needs and consider the terms and conditions associated with each source before making a decision.

Q2. Explain the characteristics of financial management. Describe the role of financial management.

Q3. What do you understand by cost of capital? Explain the methods for calculating cost of capital.

Q4. State the meaning of dividend policy. Also explain the M & M model of dividend decision.

Q5. Discuss the procedure for cash flow estimation with suitable examples.

Section B

Q6. What is optimal capital structure? Explain.

Q7. State the advantages and disadvantages of pay-back period method.

Q8. What are the different stages of operating cycle?

Q9. Explain Baumol’s model of cash management.

Q10. Explain the various types of bonds.

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Section C

Q11. Write short notes on:

a) ABC inventory management

b) Valuation of equity shares

Q12. Distinguish between:

a) Operating leverage and financial leverage

b) Ordering cost and carrying cost

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