BECE 016 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Free BECE 016 Solved Assignment 2023-24 for July 2023 and January 2024 Session, All IGNOU Assignments (Programme Wise) · Master's Degree Programmes · Bachelor's Degree Programmmes · P.G. Diplomaa Programmes · Diploma Programmes · Certificate Programmes. IGNOU Assignment 2023-24 (UPDATED) Get Here. IGNOU Assignment Status 2023-24, Marks, Grade Card, Practical Submission

B.E.C.E – 016


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NOTE: All questions are compulsory.

Section A

Answer the following in about 500 words each.

Q1. Discuss the major environmental issues and concerns associated with economic development. Discuss major challenges to India’s environment.

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Economic development can bring about numerous benefits, such as improved living standards and increased opportunities, but it can also give rise to various environmental issues and concerns. In the case of India, a rapidly growing economy has led to several significant environmental challenges. Here are some of the major environmental issues and concerns associated with economic development in India:

Air Pollution: India is grappling with severe air pollution, particularly in its major cities. The rapid industrialization and a surge in the number of vehicles have led to high levels of air pollution, with adverse health effects on the population. Emissions from industrial processes, construction activities, and the burning of fossil fuels contribute to this problem.

Water Pollution: Water pollution is a significant concern in India, as industrial effluents, untreated sewage, and agricultural runoff contaminate rivers and water bodies. This pollution affects not only water quality but also the health of the people who depend on these water sources for drinking and irrigation.

Deforestation: Economic development has led to increased deforestation, driven by activities like logging, mining, and urban expansion. Deforestation not only reduces biodiversity but also contributes to soil erosion and disruption of local ecosystems.

Loss of Biodiversity: India is home to a rich and diverse range of flora and fauna, but economic development has led to habitat destruction and fragmentation. This has resulted in the endangerment and extinction of several species, affecting ecological balance.

Soil Erosion and Land Degradation: Industrial and agricultural activities, as well as improper land use practices, have led to soil erosion and land degradation. This affects agricultural productivity, food security, and the sustainability of rural communities.

Waste Management: As the economy grows, so does the volume of waste generated. India faces challenges in managing solid waste, hazardous waste, and electronic waste. Inadequate waste disposal systems and recycling facilities contribute to environmental degradation.

Climate Change: Increased greenhouse gas emissions from industrial processes, transportation, and energy production contribute to global climate change. India is vulnerable to climate impacts such as extreme weather events, rising temperatures, and changing precipitation patterns.

Natural Resource Depletion: The rapid industrialization and urbanization of India have led to the depletion of natural resources like minerals, water, and arable land. This can have long-term consequences for the economy and environment.

Overexploitation of Fisheries: Overfishing and destructive fishing practices have led to the depletion of marine resources. This threatens the livelihoods of coastal communities and the marine ecosystem.

Urbanization Challenges: Rapid urbanization poses significant environmental challenges, including increased demand for resources, expansion of slums, and pressure on infrastructure and services.

Challenges to India's Environment:

Population Growth: India's large and growing population exerts tremendous pressure on natural resources and ecosystems, leading to resource depletion and environmental degradation.

Lack of Environmental Regulation: Enforcement of environmental regulations and laws is often inadequate, allowing industries to operate without adhering to environmental standards.

Infrastructure Gaps: Inadequate infrastructure for waste management, transportation, and sewage treatment contributes to pollution and degradation of the environment.

Agricultural Practices: Intensive agriculture practices, including excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, lead to soil degradation and water pollution.

Urban Planning: Rapid urbanization without proper urban planning can lead to uncontrolled development and environmental stress.

Lack of Public Awareness: The awareness of environmental issues among the general public and their involvement in conservation efforts need improvement.

Economic Growth vs. Environment: Balancing economic growth with environmental protection remains a challenge. There is often a trade-off between development and conservation.

Climate Change Vulnerability: India is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including changes in monsoon patterns, extreme weather events, and sea-level rise.

Addressing these environmental challenges while sustaining economic growth is a complex task that requires a combination of regulatory measures, public awareness, sustainable practices, and investments in clean technologies and infrastructure. India has made efforts to tackle these issues through various policies and initiatives, but continued vigilance and action are necessary to mitigate the environmental impact of economic development.

Q2. Explain the export driven model of economic development. Discuss its major criticisms.

Section B

Answer the following in about 250 words each.

Q3. What is Special Drawing rights (SDR)? Discuss its main features.

Q4. What are the major strengths of Public private partnerships (PPP)? Explain its major forms.

Q5. Elaborate the issues and concerns of global warming and climate change.

Q6. What do you mean by dualism? Discuss the types of dualism. How do they reinforce each other?

Section C

Answer the following in about 100 words each.

Q7. Explain the capability approach to development.

Q8. Discuss the relationship between inequity, poverty and unemployment.

IGNOU BECE 016 Solved Assignment English Medium 2023-24 The Indira Gandhi National Open  University has updated the IGNOU Assignment Status 2023-24 December Session so that students can know if their submission is completed or not. Now if you have also submitted your Assignment/Practical/Project till 15 December 2023 then you must be worried about the Assignment Status and Grade Card. So we decided to come up with Assignment 2023-24.

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