BECE 107 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Free BECE 107 Solved Assignment 2023-24 for July 2023 and January 2024 Session, All IGNOU Assignments (Programme Wise) · Master's Degree Programmes · Bachelor's Degree Programmmes · P.G. Diplomaa Programmes · Diploma Programmes · Certificate Programmes. IGNOU Assignment 2023-24 (UPDATED) Get Here. IGNOU Assignment Status 2023-24, Marks, Grade Card, Practical Submission

B.E.C.E – 107


 IGNOU BECE 107 Solved Assignment 2023-24

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NOTE: All questions are compulsory.

Section A

Answer the following in about 500 words each.

Q1) What is the nature and extent of disparity among states in industrial development? What are the major reasons for such disparities?

Disparities in industrial development among states in India are significant and can be attributed to a combination of historical, geographical, economic, and policy-related factors. These disparities are characterized by variations in the level of industrialization, infrastructure, investment climate, and economic growth across different states. Here's an overview of the nature and extent of these disparities and some major reasons behind them:

Nature and Extent of Disparities:

Regional Imbalance: Industrial development is concentrated in a few states and regions, primarily in western and southern India, such as Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. These states have a higher concentration of industries, infrastructure, and economic activity.

Variations in Industrial Sectors: The composition of industries varies among states. Some states have a stronger presence in manufacturing, while others are dominant in services or agriculture. This variation is influenced by the availability of resources, historical factors, and state policies.

Income Disparities: Industrialization often leads to higher income levels. States with more developed industries tend to have higher per capita income compared to less industrialized states.

Employment Opportunities: Industrial development is closely linked to job creation. States with a strong industrial base offer more employment opportunities, while those with limited industrialization face challenges in providing jobs to their growing populations.

Infrastructure and Connectivity: Infrastructure, including transportation, power supply, and communication networks, is more developed in industrially advanced states. This infrastructure deficit hinders industrial growth in other states.

Investment Climate: States with a conducive business environment, transparent regulations, and ease of doing business tend to attract more investment, furthering their industrial development.

Major Reasons for Disparities:

Historical Legacy: The industrial disparities among states can often be traced back to historical factors. States that were historically industrial centers continue to have a competitive advantage in terms of infrastructure, skilled labor, and industrial culture.

Geographical Factors: The availability of natural resources, proximity to ports, and favorable climatic conditions can play a significant role in determining the location and growth of industries. States with more favorable geographical factors may have an advantage.

Policy Environment: State policies and regulations related to land acquisition, labor laws, taxation, and incentives for industrial development can either attract or deter investments. States with investor-friendly policies tend to experience faster industrial growth.

Infrastructure Development: A lack of critical infrastructure such as roads, railways, ports, and reliable power supply can hinder industrial development in certain states. States that invest in infrastructure development tend to attract more industries.

Human Capital: The availability of a skilled and educated workforce is essential for industrial development. States with a better-educated and skilled labor force tend to attract more industries.

Access to Markets: Proximity to major markets, both domestic and international, can be a significant factor. States located close to large consumer markets or export hubs may have an advantage in attracting industries.

Government Support: State governments that actively promote industrialization through investment incentives, subsidies, and supportive policies can experience more rapid industrial growth.

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Political Stability: Political stability and good governance are important for creating a conducive business environment. States with a history of political stability often attract more investments.

To address these disparities, the Indian government has launched various policies and initiatives to promote industrial development in less developed states and regions. These initiatives include special economic zones (SEZs), industrial corridors, and various financial incentives. However, achieving more balanced industrial development across the country remains a complex and ongoing challenge.

Q2) What is meant by globalisation? Briefly summarise the opportunities and challenges posed by globalisation to the Indian industrial sector.

Section B

Answer the following in about 250 words each.

Q3) Briefly describe the role of industrialisation in a developing economy such as India.

Q4) Define industrial sickness. Briefly discuss the impact of industrial sickness on Indian economy.

Q5) According to Krugman manufacturing industries will concentrate in one or a few regions in a country. Why?

Q6) Define micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME). What is the importance of MMSME in India?

Section C

Answer the following in about 100 words each.

Q7) Write short notes on any two of the following:

(a) Fragmentation of production process

(b) Under-utilisation of capacity

(c) Role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India

Q8) Define the following terms and explain why they are important.

a) Economies of scope

b) Public utilities

IGNOU BECE 107 Solved Assignment English Medium 2023-24 The Indira Gandhi National Open  University has updated the IGNOU Assignment Status 2023-24 December Session so that students can know if their submission is completed or not. Now if you have also submitted your Assignment/Practical/Project till 15 December 2023 then you must be worried about the Assignment Status and Grade Card. So we decided to come up with Assignment 2023-24.

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