BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Free BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2023-24 for July 2023 and January 2024 Session, All IGNOU Assignments (Programme Wise) · Master's Degree Programmes · Bachelor's Degree Programmmes · P.G. Diplomaa Programmes · Diploma Programmes · Certificate Programmes. IGNOU Assignment 2023-24 (UPDATED) Get Here. IGNOU Assignment Status 2023-24, Marks, Grade Card, Practical Submission

B.E.C.E – 214


GET PDF & Handwritten (Paid)

WhatsApp - 7838475019

NOTE: All questions are compulsory.

Section I

Answer the following in about 500 words each.

Q1. (a) Explain the historical perspective of the evolution of the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in India.

The evolution of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in India has a rich historical perspective, rooted in the country's tradition of decentralized self-governance and community participation. The journey of PRIs can be divided into several key phases:

Ancient and Medieval India: The concept of local self-governance has ancient roots in India. Villages were traditionally governed by assemblies of elders, known as "Sabhas" or "Gram Sabhas." These local bodies had a degree of autonomy in resolving community issues, managing resources, and maintaining law and order. During the medieval period, local governance structures continued to exist under various rulers and dynasties.

Colonial Era: The British colonial administration introduced a centralized system of governance, which diminished the role of traditional local bodies. The colonial government appointed officials to govern at the local level, often bypassing traditional village institutions.

Post-Independence (1947): After gaining independence in 1947, the Government of India recognized the need for decentralization of power and local self-governance. This led to the formation of the Balwantrai Mehta Committee in 1957, which recommended the establishment of Panchayati Raj Institutions. Based on these recommendations, some states in India began to take steps to establish PRIs, while others lagged behind.

First Constitutional Amendment (1951): The Indian Constitution was amended in 1951 to include Article 40, which directed the state to organize village Panchayats and endow them with powers and authority to enable them to function as self-governing institutions. However, the implementation of this directive was left to the discretion of individual states, and progress was slow.

Second Constitutional Amendment (1973): Recognizing the slow progress in implementing PRIs, the government introduced the 1973 amendment to the Constitution, which laid down a clear framework for establishing and strengthening PRIs. This amendment added Part IX to the Constitution, which provided for a three-tier structure of Panchayati Raj at the village, intermediate, and district levels.

State Legislation and Implementation: The constitutional amendments paved the way for state governments to enact their own Panchayati Raj Acts, detailing the structure, functions, and elections of PRIs. Many states took their time to enact these laws and conduct elections for PRIs.

Rural Local Self-Governance Revival (1980s-1990s): The 1980s and 1990s witnessed renewed efforts to strengthen PRIs, with the launching of initiatives like the National Rural Employment Program (NREP), later renamed the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). These programs empowered PRIs to play a key role in rural development and poverty alleviation.

73rd Constitutional Amendment (1992): To further empower PRIs, the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act was passed in 1992. It mandated a uniform three-tier system for PRIs in all states, with reservations for marginalized groups (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and women) and detailed provisions for their functioning and powers.

Progress and Challenges: Since the 1990s, PRIs have made significant progress in terms of representation and participation, leading to a more inclusive and participatory form of local governance. However, challenges remain, including inadequate devolution of powers, financial autonomy, and capacity-building of local institutions.

Today, PRIs play a vital role in rural development, local governance, and the implementation of various government programs. They serve as essential platforms for citizen participation, decision-making, and resource allocation at the grassroots level. The historical evolution of PRIs in India reflects the nation's commitment to decentralization, local empowerment, and participatory democracy.

(b) Review the PRIs functioning in the post-2001 years.

Q2. Explain the concept of ‘commercialisation of agriculture’ and the factors that contributed to its erosion during the period of 1900s.

Section II

Answer the following in about 250 words each.

Q3. Explain the importance of economic policies to agricultural development.

Q4. Discuss the various modes of irrigation practiced in India.

Q5. Examine the performance of ‘tenancy reforms’ over the period 1951-1991.

Q6. Rural industries were promoted in India over the period 1951-1991. Explain the policy measures initiated with respect to such industries.

Section III

Answer the following in about 100 words each.

Q7. Write short notes on the following:

(a) Major issues of water resource management in India

(b) Cropping pattern in India

IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment English Medium 2023-24 The Indira Gandhi National Open  University has updated the IGNOU Assignment Status 2023-24 December Session so that students can know if their submission is completed or not. Now if you have also submitted your Assignment/Practical/Project till 15 December 2023 then you must be worried about the Assignment Status and Grade Card. So we decided to come up with Assignment 2023-24.

For SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp No :- 7838475019

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post